Kidney stones are not the best, only the most suitable for their own diseases and the least harm to the body. We must first clarify the situation of their own illness, and then choose appropriate treatment.
Treatment of renal calculi
One, conservative treatment (drug row stone)
It is suitable for patients with stones with a diameter less than 6mm and no renal calculi with obstruction of the urinary tract. A large number of drinking water, traditional Chinese medicine, and moderate exercise were used to help the stone discharge itself, and those with colic were treated by pain relief, spasmodic and so on.
Kidney stones, ureteral stones and bladder stones depicting Chinese "Shilin" category. Traditional Chinese medicine is mainly treated by clearing away the heat and heat, clearing out the drainage of the stone as the treatment. The treatment of stone with traditional Chinese medicine has many advantages, such as less side effects and prevention of recurrence of stone, which is widely used in clinical practice. The commonly used clinical Paishi medicines: Niaoshitong pill, Paishi granule etc.. Such as Niaoshitong pill for early treatment of gallstone surgery, after the promotion of all kinds of stone row of stone, stone prevention, curative effect.
For stones with a diameter of more than 8mm, or stones at special locations, minimally invasive surgery should be done first and then treated with conservative treatment.
Two, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy is the use of an extracorporeal shock wave to focus the stones in the body, so that it is discharged with the urine. The advantage is that there is no need for anesthesia, no hospitalization, and treatment in the outpatient department. Attention to the treatment of too many times can cause damage to the kidney tissue, the number of the total treatment is best below three times.
Three. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a channel created by percutaneous nephrostomy. It is controlled by X-ray fluoroscopy. Under the direct vision of internal cavity nephroscope, it can remove stones and relieve obstruction by using gravel and stone removing instruments. It has the advantages of high success rate, small pain, less complications and wide adaptation.
The treatment of different types of kidney stones at the later stage is different. If there is no need for surgical treatment in the early stage of kidney stone disease, maybe conservative treatment is necessary. There is no need for surgical treatment with greater side effects.
Prevention and daily attention of renal calculi
1. more water. The amount of water is usually 2000 - 3000ml a day.
More than 2.. The movement of the upper and lower parts of the body that moves the stone down or out by gravity.
More than 3. eat vegetables and fruits. Because of the alkalinity of the urine, the fruits and vegetables help to dissolve the stones.
Eat more fish oil more than 4.. There is a special unsaturated fatty acid in fish oil, which has the function of preventing stone and protecting kidney function.
5. less beer.
6. the animal viscera should be less, because the purine is very high, after eating, the uric acid will be very high.
7. less salt, less sugar.
8. pay attention to vegetables with high oxalic acid. Some green vegetables like spinach, celery, lettuce contains oxalic acid, should eat less.
10. dinner is to be eaten early. A large amount of calcium can be avoided.