Hypertension symptoms such as headache, dizziness, insomnia, tinnitus, forgetfulness, fatigue, insomnia, irritability and so on, the symptoms of hypertension when blood pressure suddenly increased significantly in hypertensive encephalopathy, severe headache, vomiting, convulsions, coma and other visual loss, cerebral edema and intracranial hypertension symptoms, should be timely to the hospital for treatment.
It often varies from person to person in the period of illness. There are no symptoms or symptoms in the early stage, even in physical examination or other causes of blood pressure. There is no consistent relationship between the symptoms and the degree of elevated blood pressure, which may be associated with advanced neurologic dysfunction. Some people have low blood pressure and a lot of symptoms, while other patients have high blood pressure, but their symptoms are not obvious.
Hypertension is divided into two types, primary and secondary, and secondary is caused by some diseases, such as:
(1) kidney disease, such as chronic nephritis, pyelonephritis and other causes of renal insufficiency.
(2) adrenal diseases such as primary aldosteronism, Cushing syndrome, pheochromocytoma and so on.
(3) renal vascular disease, such as a variety of causes of renal artery stenosis.
(4) major vascular disorders, such as congenital aortic coarctation, atherosclerosis, or arteritis of the aorta, and so on.
(5) some systemic diseases, such as hyperthyroidism, cerebrovascular disease, etc.
The main causes of primary hypertension can be divided into two aspects: genetic and environmental factors. There are other factors. Overweight or obesity is an important risk factor for high blood pressure.
The causes of hypertension are as follows:
1, the living environment is very bad
We now take a look at the living environment, every day we eat a lot of substandard or unhealthy food processing, and production method for large-scale agricultural production of vegetables and fruit looks very delicious, but because of the infinite growth cycle is shortened, the extensive use of the growth agent lost its main nutrients. In addition, the residual pesticides in vegetables, hormones in meat products, vehicle exhaust in the air will directly lead to the increase of oxygen free radicals in the body, destroy cell mitochondria, accelerate the aging of human body, and make people suffer from hypertension and other cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
2. The irrational diet structure
The life of modern people is more and more rich, and the delicacies on the table are becoming more and more rich, but the nutritional structure is becoming more and more unbalanced. Have you found that there are more and more meat and fat in your diet. In order to pursue better taste, there are many kinds of seasoning, but the figure of vegetables and coarse grains is becoming more and more difficult to see. Therefore, lack of trace elements and inadequate fiber intake bring many health problems to modern people, and also lead to chronic diseases such as "three high", cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and so on.
3. The way of life is unscientific
1) too little exercise
Do not like to exercise, even the most convenient and effortless walk does not bother to participate. No time, every day, "line two point three sit" -- from home to work unit "line two points", go out to take a car, work to sit a chair, return home to have a good dinner, sit sofa, watch TV. Ultimately lead to obesity, aggravate the occurrence of the three high.
2) smoking, drinking, drinking coffee
The pace of modern life is faster. Besides high calorie snacks, the smoking, drinking, coffee and strong tea of office workers are often difficult to control, which makes the body overburdened and easily leads to three highs.
The precautions of hypertension include the following points: (1) reasonable diet; (two) moderate exercise; (three) stopping smoking and drinking; (four) psychological balance; (five) self management; (six) timely medical treatment. Critical hypertension should also be paid attention to.